Monte-Carlo is the most famous of the Principality of Monaco’s districts. It is named after Prince Charles III, who was behind its construction in the nineteenth century.
Monte-Carlo is one of the nine districts that make up the city state of Monaco. Originally, this district covering around 80 hectares accounted for 21% of the Principality’s territory and was known as the Spélugues plateau, after the Monegasque name for the caves located there. It was an arid, wild place where olive and carob trees grew alongside a handful of fruit trees and a few vines. In the nineteenth century, it was renamed Monte-Carlo in honour of Prince Charles III, who had initiated the complete transformation of this part of Monaco.