Albert I of Monaco reigned from 1889 to 1922. He is considered to be the father of modern oceanography.
Nicknamed the “Scholar Prince” or the “Navigator Prince”, Albert I of Monaco was a rigorous scholar, an advocate for the sciences and an environmental awareness pioneer with a passion for the ocean.
From 1870, Prince Albert II’s great-great-grandfather developed an intense interest in ocean exploration. The numerous scientific expeditions undertaken on his schooner L’Hirondelle, and later the Princesse-Alice, which took him all the way to the Arctic, the study of the seabed and ocean currents, and the discovery of new species prompted him to build the Monaco Oceanographic Museum.