• en
  • fr
© Michael Alesi / Direction de la Communication

In Monaco, the city and the State are one. The Commune of Monaco, established in the thirteenth century, is one of the Principality’s oldest institutions and has its own remit.

Historically, the Monegasque population, a colony of the Republic of Genoa, began to settle on the Rocher in the early thirteenth century, when the first Palace of Monaco was built in 1215, creating the first small town of Monaco. The community was represented by the heads of household, who followed a custom of meeting in parliament to debate their collective concerns. This assembly was soon consulted by Monaco’s nobility to inform their political decisions.

As the heir of this original assembly, the Commune of Monaco today covers the same territory as the State of the Principality. However, this was not always the case: the 1911 Constitution experimented with dividing the territory into three communes (Monaco-Ville, La Condamine and Monte-Carlo) with each having its own mayor and a council elected by universal suffrage.

© Direction de la Communication
© Manuel Vitali / Direction de la Communication

At that time, City Hall was at the heart of Monaco’s political life. The National Council, whose elected members were then all elected representatives of the Commune, met in City Hall. But the experiment, which was not terribly rational given the small size of the country, came to an end after the First World War, and the single commune was re-established in 1918.

Since then, the Commune of Monaco has been administered by a Mayor and deputies appointed by the Council of the Commune. The 15 members of the Council of the Commune are elected by direct universal suffrage for a term of four years. Georges Marsan has been the Mayor of Monaco since 2003.  It was he who conducted the civil marriage ceremony for Prince Albert II and Charlene Wittstock on 1 July 2011 in the Throne Room at the Prince’s Palace.

City Hall’s remit is highly varied, from civil registration to early childhood issues and home help for the elderly

To offer access to culture to as many people as possible, City Hall manages two arts education institutions in the Principality: the Monaco Art School – Bosio Pavilion, located on the Rocher, and the Rainier III Academy, which has more than 800 students. Its Media Library, which has been a national library since 1925, is a central repository for the conservation of ancient and valuable collections.

© Manuel Vitali / Direction de la Communication
© Michael Alesi / Direction de la Communication

The Commune also supervises La Condamine Market, a vital gathering and shopping spot in the Principality, the Exotic Garden and the Rainier III Outdoor Swimming Stadium.

Learn more
Mairie de Monaco

Official Website